From the Wall Street Journal’s online section, a discussion about doing a new kind of discovery and what it might take. My view is that governments should only fund science that is engaged in open sharing with their peers and/or the public. Unfortunately the personal incentives for keeping data private longer outweigh the community value of sharing.
The main methodology is termed networked science. Directly from the article:
“In the years ahead, we have an astonishing opportunity to reinvent discovery itself. But to do so, we must first choose to create a scientific culture that embraces the open sharing of knowledge.”